Tuesday, June 30, 2015

When You Eat Just 5 Walnuts, This Will Happen In 4 Hours

If you know anything about healthy eating, you likely know that nuts are a true superfood. From almonds and pistachios to peanuts and walnuts, all nuts are a great source of healthy fats and offer numerous health benefits. If you want to take your healthy eating to the next level, find out why walnuts should be part of your diet.


When you look at the nutrient stats for walnuts, it’s almost impossible to believe that one small handful of this food can give you so many different vitamins and minerals. Instead of grabbing a handful of potato chips or candy, a handful of walnuts can give you everything you need to keep going until your next meal.
These are some of the most crucial nutrients found in walnuts:
  • omega-3 fatty acids
  • polyunsaturated fats
  • phenols
  • vitamin E
  • antioxidants


These nutrients sound great, of course, but what can they do for your health? By incorporating one ounce of walnuts into your diet every day, you may reap some of these health benefits:
  • Lower stress levels: If you suffer physically as the result of stress or tend to overreact to stressful situations, you may need walnuts in your diet. Walnuts can stabilize your body’s response to stress and help you avoid the physical side effects of this mental condition
  • Strengthen your heart: Antioxidants should be a major part of your diet. The antioxidants found in walnuts can battle free radicals that cause heart disease and degeneration. Regular consumption of walnuts can help your heart last longer and enjoy better health.
  • Protect your brain from age-related degeneration: The consumption of walnuts has been linked to a decrease in Alzheimer’s disease, thanks to the omega-3 fatty acids that are found in them. Omega-3 fatty acids can also reduce cancer risk, help with ADHD, and fight off depression.
  • Lower cholesterol levels: A study in the New England Journal of Medicine shows that men who consume walnuts have lower bad cholesterol levels than those who do not eat walnuts. This goes hand-in-hand with the heart benefits of walnuts.
  • Weight loss: Walnuts are an excellent source of polyunsaturated fats. These fats improve the functioning of body organs without clogging your arteries and negatively affecting your health like saturated fats. Polyunsaturated fats also keep you feeling full for longer, so your temptation to mindlessly snack may be decreased.
  • Stronger hair, skin, and nails: Polyunsaturated fats and omega-3 fatty acids do plenty for your appearance. These nutrients can strengthen your nails, make your hair shinier, and make your skin smoother.
Walnuts should be a part of your diet, no matter what health benefits most appeal to you. You can eat walnuts plain as a snack, sprinkle chopped walnuts on your salad, use them in desserts, or use them as a side dish for your meals.
Remember: don’t overdo it with walnuts! Though they are extremely healthy, they are also very high in calories and fat. A little goes a long way. Grab a few and enjoy!



Thread, fabric and needle advisor chart.

Thread advisor, shows fabric type, thread to use, and needle to use.  Site also has pdf version.

Storage ideas for sewing room - Hanging baskets for fabrics.

Hanging baskets of fabric | Flickr - Photo Sharing! What I like is the wire basket that you can see into!

Pretty baskest for a bicycle

Very cute baskets. Don't have a bicycle but baskets like this would look cute on an entryway table to hold keys, mail and what-not
basket liner

Sunday, June 28, 2015

If only eyes saw souls....

Que vergonha/raiva/nojo sentimos ao ver isto! Ainda há dias andámos a lutar contra a barbaridade de uma festa em que se comem cães na China.. e agora levamos com isto no nosso próprio país!

Por favor, DENUNCIEM JÁ ESTE CRIME DE MAUS-TRATOS A ANIMAIS para o Tribunal Judicial da Comarca de Vila Flor, SERVIÇOS DO MINISTÉRIO PÚBLICO e à GNR de Vila Flor. Enviar para: vilaflor.tc@tribunais.org.pt;ct.bgc.dmdl.pvlf@gnr.pt, co.dsepna@gnr.pt; ct.dvrl.npa@gnr.pt;dirgeral@dgav.pt; alfredosobral@dgav.pt; mtmonteiro@dgav.pt; geral@cm-vilaflor.pt
Redijam um texto simples com estas informações:
O Vídeo tem a duração de 5:54m mas os factos criminosos ocorrem durante o último minuto no qual se podem ver as imagens chocantes. Um gato que é fechado dentro de uma peça de barro, colocado no cimo de um poste, a imensos metros de altura. O gato vai sendo “assado” vivo e, por fim, cai, com o gato a arder.  Com toda a certeza acabará por morrer, após o sofrimento brutal que lhe foi infligido. Mas nem morreu logo ali. Terá uma morte lenta e dolorosa causada pela infeção das feridas resultantes das queimaduras a que foi sujeito.

Saturday, June 27, 2015

Thursday, June 25, 2015


Honey Glazed Salmon - The easiest, most flavorful salmon you will ever make. And that browned butter lime sauce is to die for!Prep Time10 minutes
Cook Time20 minutes
Total Time30 minutes
Yield4 servings
The easiest, most flavorful salmon you will ever make. And that browned butter lime sauce is to die for!
  • 4 salmon filets
  • Kosher salt and freshly ground black pepper, to taste
  • 4 tablespoons all-purpose flour
  • 4 tablespoons honey
  • 2 tablespoons olive oil
  • Zest of 1 lime
  • 6 tablespoons unsalted butter
  • 2 cloves garlic, pressed
  • 1 tablespoon honey
  • Juice of 1 lime
  • Kosher salt and freshly ground black pepper, to taste
  • Preheat oven to 400 degrees F.
  • To make the browned butter lime sauce, melt butter in a medium saucepan over medium heat. Cook, whisking constantly, until the foam subsides and the butter begins to turn a golden brown, about 3 minutes. Stir in garlic, honey and lime juice, salt and pepper, to taste; set aside.
  • Season salmon with salt and pepper, to taste. Dredge each salmon filet with 1 tablespoon flour and drizzle with 1 tablespoon honey.
  • Heat olive oil in a large oven-proof skillet over medium high heat. Working in batches, add salmon to the skillet and sear both sides until golden brown, about 1-2 minutes per side.
  • Place into oven and bake until completely cooked through, about 8-10 minutes.
  • Serve immediately with browned butter lime sauce and lime zest, if desired.  http://damndelicious.net/

How To Make Nutella French Toast Rolls In 10 Minutes

Looking for a ridiculously decadent dessert that takes around 10 minutes to make? OnePotChef has one – Nutella French Toast Rolls! You take sandwich bread, smother it with Nutella and then fry them up and cover them with cinnamon and sugar. These hazelnutty chocolatey snacks definitely look naughty but delicious!
Here’s the ingredients:
6 Slices of Sandwich Bread
1/2 Cup of Nutella (Chocolate Hazelnut Spread)
1 Egg
1 Tablespoon of Milk
Butter (for frying)
2 Tablespoons of White Sugar
1 Teaspoon of Ground Cinnamon
First cut the crusts off a slice of white bread and roll it flat with a rolling pin. Next spread Nutella on the slice and gently roll it up into a tube. Mix white sugar with the ground cinnamon in a bowl.
Put the egg and the milk in a separate bowl and whisk them together.
Melt the butter in a pan. Dip the prepared bread rolls into the egg mixture and fry them in the butter until they are golden and crisp. Finally, roll or sprinkle the French Toast rolls in the cinnamon sugar. They’re now ready to eat!
Share this recipe with your friends and family who like desserts!

Read more at http://www.reshareworthy.com/nutella-french-toast-rolls/#9PvkvC5CJw6odXmd.99


Nutella French Toast Rolls - RECIPE


“When I was about eight or nine, my mom burnt some toast.
One night that stood out in my mind is when she had made dinner for us after a very long and rough day at work, She placed a plate of jam and extremely burned toast in front of my dad. Not slightly burnt but completely blackened toast.
I was just waiting to see if anyone noticed the burnt toast and would say anything. But Dad just ate his toast and asked me if I did my homework and how my day was. I don’t remember what I told him that night, but I do remember hearing my mom apologizing to dad for burning the toast. And I’ll never forget what he said:
“Sweetie, I love burned toast.”
Later that night, I went to tell my dad good night and ask him if he really liked his toast burned. He put his arm on my shoulder and said,
“Your momma put in a very long day at work today and she was very tired. And besides, A burnt toast never hurts anyone but you know what does? Harsh words!”
Then he continued to say “You know, life is full of imperfect things and imperfect people I’m not the best at hardly anything, and I forget birthdays and anniversaries just like every other human. What I’ve learned over the years, is that learning to accept each others faults and choosing to celebrate each others differences, is one of the most important keys for creating a healthy, growing, and lasting relationship. Life is too short to wake up with regrets. Love the people who treat you right and have compassion for the ones who don’t.”
Enjoy Life Now and Praise God!

Wednesday, June 24, 2015

Bifanas de Vendas Novas


- 1 Papo-Seco por bifana
 - Lombo de porco
- Alhos
- Vinho branco
- Colorau (uma pitada) 
- Louro
- Sal
- Pimenta

para fritar:

- Margarina vegetal ( é utilizada uma quantidade superior à do óleo)
- Óleo

O verdadeiro segredo das bifanas de Vendas Novas é a qualidade da carne (lombo de porco) e a forma como esta é batida.

Limpa-se muito bem o lombo de porco retirando-se  todas as peles e gorduras. Cortam-se bifes com cerca de um centímetro de espessura e batem-se muito bem dos dois lados com um martelo de bater a carne.
É neste processo que está o verdadeiro segredo. Os bifes têm de ficar transformados numa fina película de carne,  rendilhada pelos bicos do martelo.
Esmague muito bem os alhos, reduzindo-os a uma massa. Coloque os alhos esmagados numa tigela, e adicione o vinho branco ( muito pouco é só para dar um leve gosto), uma pequena pitada de colorau, o louro, o sal e a pimenta moída na hora.
Mergulhe os bifes muito bem batidos nesta marinada e deixe repousar pelo menos meia hora para tomarem gosto.

Cubra com óleo o fundo de uma  frigideira grande e leve ao lume adicionando a margarina.
Quando a gordura estiver quente, retire os alhos e o louro que estiverem agarrados à carne e frite os bifes dos dois lados. Coloque a carne num prato e reserve.
Adicione à gordura que fritou as bifanas, os alhos o louro e o resto do vinho que ficou na tigela da marinada, deixe ferver um bocadinho para a gordura ficar com o sabor dos ingredientes que se adicionaram.

Leve os papo-secos abertos ao meio a tostarem em forno bem quente. Quando retirar o pão do forno passe ligeiramente a parte do miolo pelo molho que fritou as bifanas (este é mais um dos segredos).

Coloque o bife dentro do papo-seco e sirva de imediato! 
A mostarda é o molho mais indicado para se adicionar às bifanas de Vendas Novas, pois faz realçar os seus temperos.


FUNNIEST Parrot Ever... Meet Our Grey Parrot "Lucky" Living on a Sailboa...

Learn how to print on fabric with your home printer.

Are you ready to use your printer to print directly on fabric?  What a perfect project for some cheap art!
I used a graphic from the Graphics Fairy to print a bird image to white fabric.  Spray some heavy to medium weight card stock with spray adhesive then add your fabric.  Print your image just like you are printing on paper.


How to grow tamatoes.

When I was working as a papermaking artist I did a lot of "kitchen chemistry." I really liked to experiment in the studio and I do the similar kind of experimentation in the garden.

This season I planted tomatoes in three different plots. The first plot was a shallow raised bed of logs in a sun/shade space filled with a mix of soil and well composted horse manure. The second plot was grow bags (same sun/shade space) filled with just well composted horse manure. The third plot was an in the ground plot in full sun and against a brick wall and was covered by bark chips where I had grown tomatoes several years before and used Tree Tone organic fertilizer.
Plot one and two; the raised beds and the grow bags were doing very well, the third, in the ground plot was pretty sickly, yellow leaves and stunted growth. I needed to do something and do it fast! First I took some compost and made a ring around the stunted tomato plant. Within three weeks the plant was greening up. At the same time I made up some comfrey compost tea. Three weeks later I poured the compost tea on those same tomatoes and things began to happen!The moral of this story is that tomatoes love acid soil and the well composted horse manure soil was the perfect soil for them.
  • how i solved my sickly tomato problem, gardening, raised garden beds
The compost tea steeping in 5-gallon buckets of water. I used old pots (see right hand side) on top to block the leaves and pine needles from getting in the bucket.
  • how i solved my sickly tomato problem, gardening, raised garden beds
A better view of the comfrey compost tea. It's smelly and potent but effective!
  • how i solved my sickly tomato problem, gardening, raised garden beds
The sickly and stunted tomatoes before the extra TLC of horse manure and comfrey compost tea.
  • how i solved my sickly tomato problem, gardening, raised garden beds
An early view of the healthy tomatoes in the recycled cloth bags planted in horse manure soil.
  • how i solved my sickly tomato problem, gardening, raised garden beds
The bed of sickly tomatoes covered in bark chips "before."


Man Posts This Ad On Craigslist After His Girlfriend Insists He Get Rid Of His Dog Read more at http://www.reshareworthy.com/craiglist-ad-after-girlfriend-insists-on-getting-rid-of-dog

free to willing home



I was shocked, confused, bewildered 
As I entered Heaven's door, 
Not by the beauty of it all, 
Nor the lights or its décor.

But it was the folks in Heaven
Who made me sputter and gasp --
The thieves, the liars, the sinners,
The alcoholics and the trash.

There stood the kid from seventh grade
Who swiped my lunch money twice.
Next to him was my old neighbor
Who never said anything nice.

Bob, who I always thought
Was rotting away in hell,
Was sitting pretty on cloud nine,
Looking incredibly well.

I nudged Jesus, 'What's the deal?
'I would love to hear Your take.
'How'd all these sinners get up here?
'God must've made a mistake.'

'And why is everyone so quiet,
'So somber -- give me a clue.'
'Hush, child,' He said,
'They're all in shock!
'No one thought they'd see you.'

~~Author Unknown
(Though possibly written by either the worst sinner or
the most thankful person in heaven, or both!)


Remember...Just going to church doesn't make you a
Christian any more than standing in your garage makes you a car.


The Healthiest Cookie-Chocolate Avocado Cookies

Possibly The Healthiest Cookie In The World How To Make Chocolate Avocado Cookies
2 ounces organic unsweetened chocolate melted in 1/2 tablespoon of coconut oil
 1/2 organic avocado 
2 tablespoons of unsalted organic almond butter
 1/4 cup honey 
1 organic egg and one organic egg white
 2 tablespoons organic cocoa powder 
1 1/2 tablespoons organic almond flour 
  1. Preheat oven to 350 degrees.
  2. Puree avocado in a food processor or high-speed blender until very smooth
  3. Add other ingredients, one at a time and pulse until the batter is smooth
  4. Chill the batter in the fridge for one hour
  5. Fill a pastry bag and pipe batter onto cookie sheet, or drop the batter by heaping tablespoons.
  6. Bake for 15-17 minutes
  7. Let cool for 5 minutes.
Source: www.fhfn.org
- See more at: http://www.healthyfoodteam.com/possibly-the-healthiest-cookie-in-the-world-how-to-make-chocolate-avocado-cookies/#sthash.fEWwQml0.dpuf

Tuesday, June 23, 2015

Filé de Peixe com Ervas finas

  • 4 filés de peixe (sem espinha)
  • 2 dentes de alho triturados
  • Suco e raspas de 1 limão siciliano
  • 1 colher (café) de alecrim fresco
  • 1 colher (café) de sálvia seca
  • 1 colher (café) de tomilho fresco
  • 1 colher (café) de cebolinha verde picada
  • 1 colher (café) de páprica doce
  • Pimenta do reino a gosto
  • Sal a gosto
  • Azeite a gosto
1- Tempere os filés de peixe com o suco de limão, as rapas do limão, o alho, a pimenta do reino, o sal, e demais ervas finas, misture dos dois lados.
2- Em um refratário com um fio de azeite disponha os filés regue com azeite e leve ao forno médio pré-aquecido 200° por aproximadamente 20 – 25 minutos.
3- Regue os filés com azeite e sirva a seguir.

The Rescue of Kithaka

How to make a lampshade, lanterns, and yarn globes

Doce de abóbora

  • 1,3kg de abóbora de pescoço (descascada e picada)
  • 600g de açúcar cristal
  • 3 cravos
  • 2 canelas em pau
1 – Descasque as abóboras, corte em cubos e coloque em uma panela com água fervente. Deixe cozinhar bem até amolecer, por aproximadamente 30 minutos.
2- Após, esse tempo escorra bem, e com os pedaços ainda quentes esmague as abóboras com um esmagador ou com as costas de um garfo. Deixe escorrer um pouco mais.
3- Em uma panela adicione a abóbora esmagada, o açúcar, o cravo e a canela. Deixe apurar, no começo mexendo de vez em quando e no final do tempo sem parar de mexer até chegar no ponto desejado, por aproximadamente 45 minutos, em fogo baixo.
4- Espere esfriar e guarde em potes de vidro.

5 Hand Piano Boogie- Disneyland- Anaheim California

Bacon and egg for breakfast

Bacon Egg Cups Makes 12 cups 12 slices bacon 8 eggs 1/2 cup shredded cheddar cheese pinch of salt 1/4 tsp black pepper Preheat oven to 350 degrees. Use non-stick spray, line each cup with bacon and fill 3/4 full with mixture. Bake for 30-35 mins.

Did you know this about avocados?


Where to Start Investigating Cat Skin Problems

When investigating cat skin problems, start with simple explanations and then move to those that require veterinary tests (although it never hurts to visit your vet). For mild cat skin itch and flaking with no other symptoms such as pus or oozing lesions, fever or significant hair loss, try a mild non-medicated shampoo or waterless bath wash (see below for recommendations).

In terms of a cause, first suspect fleas, even if you don't find any, as an early flea infestation is hard to spot and can cause problems. Cat flea symptoms include red areas, scabs and cat hair loss. When checking for cat fleas, pay attention to areas of the body such as the spine, neck and under the chin.  For fleas, you'll need to eliminate them from your cat via a herbal treatment (see below), and then use a preventative such as Frontline Plus.
If fleas are not the problem, you can try one of the medicated shampoos mentioned below.  If the condition worsens, hair loss continues, you see changes in behavior, other symptoms such as pus filled pimples etc, then visit the veterinarian for some preliminary tests and evaluation (see below for tips on diagnosis).  
Be sure to always check your cat for any skin lumps, bumps, scabs, red skin areas, or anything that looks abnormal.
To get an idea of what could be troubling your cat, review the pictures below, and click on the related links to learn more.  Try searching our site and looking at the bottom of this page for questions submitted by readers that are similar to your concern.  Each question was answered by our veterinarian. Also you can ask our veterinarian a question here about cat skin problems and receive a response for free.  We receive many questions, so if you need immediate help, you can try this online veterinary service that has vets available 24 hours a day.

Why It's Difficult to Recognize Cat Skin Problems

Unlike dogs, which tend to scratch at skin problems, cats are more likely to lick problem areas.  This isn't that different than ordinary grooming behaviors. Instead, you'll need to look for the following signs of cat skin disease:
  •  grooming more often than normal, particularly in one area
  • changes in behavior such as acting agitated or anxious
  • twitching of the superficial back muscles
  • hiding from view
  • avoiding attention

Pictures and Descriptions of Common Cat Skin Problems 

Use these pictures of descriptions of cat skin problems to identify or eliminate possible feline skin diseases.
Macule: A macule is a area of the skin where there is a change in color. Common causes are some type of inflammation or injury.
pciture of macule Picture of Macule on Cat Nose
Papule: A papule is a type of lesion that is elevated. If it is large it is called plaque. This type of cell inflammation is commonly called a neoplasm (which refers to any type of cells, not just papules). A bigger papule is called plaque. A neoplasm can be benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancerous that spreads).
picture of papule Picture of Cat Skin Papule
Postule: A postule is an area on the skin that is filled with pus. Pus is caused by white blood cells that are sent to kill a foreign invader such as bacteria or a fungus. The dead cells create a lump on the skin called a postule.
postule Picture of Cat Skin Postule
Vesicle: This is a lump underneath the skin that is filled with an unusual amount of fluid (called edema).
vesicle Picture of cat skin vesicle
Wheal: A wheal is a raised area that tends to heal by itself in minutes or hours. It is an area with increased redness or has a pale color when compared to surrounding areas. It is also referred to as a cat hive with symptoms such as severe itching. Common causes include certain foods or drugs, infection, insect bites or allergy.
cat skin picture wheal Picture of cat skin wheal (hives, insect bites)
Nodule: A nodule is a larger elevated bump on the skin. Causes include an abnormal cell growth (neoplasm that is benign or malignant). It can also be caused by bacterial or fungal infection.
picture of cat skin nodule Picture of cat skin nodule
Tumor: A tumor is a large tissue mass. It is caused by abnormal cell growth (neoplasm that is benign or malignant) or due to some type of inflammation.
picture of cat tumor Picture of cat tumor
Feline Miliary Dermatitis: Collection of small bumps in a red areas of skin. There are multiple causes.
Picture of Cat Skin Bumps and Lumps Picture of Cat Miliary Dermatitis

Types of Cat Skin Problems

If you can't match one of the picture, try continuing your investigation by clicking the links below that best match the cat skin symptoms, or what you believe is causing the cat skin problems.

  • Cat skin cysts - these are usually benign (non-cancerous) lumps under the skin that can be found anywhere on your cats body.  Feline cysts are often drained and removed if they are making a cat uncomfortable.  Secondary complications include infection.

  • Cat skin warts - these are benign (non-cancerous) bumps on the skin

  • Cat Skin Cancer

  • Cat Skin Rash 
  • Dry Skin

  • Diabetic Dermatitis (red skin inflammation)
  • Feline Skin Allergies Symptoms such as hair loss and skin dermatitis (inflammation) seen in the back half of the body, and on back legs. Can also be generalized or all over. Cause by either atopy (allergens in the air such as pollen, called atopic dermatitis), or food allergy.

    Cat atopic dermatitis in particular is the second most common cause of feline skin conditions after flea allergy (see below). Symptoms are similar to flea allergy so if you cat has been on a flea preventative, then atopy should be the next area to investigate. The condition is usually treated with a prescription steroid such as the medication prednisolone.  If any skin rubbing resulted in infection, then antibiotics will be prescribed as well.

    cat skin problems atopy
    Cat Skin Problems can be caused by Atopy, which are inhaled seasonal allergies can cause hair loss on body (rear leg) as shown above
    Source: Dermatology for the Small Animal Practitioner (Mueller)
    cat food allergy
    Food allergy dermatitis in a cat
    From the collection of Dr. Barbara Stein, Washington State University
    cat skin food allergy
    Cat Skin Food Allergy Dermatitis
    Source: Washington State University, Dr. Candace Sousa, DABVP, DACVD
    Senior Veterinary Specialist, Veterinary Specialist Team
    Pfizer Animal Health
  • Fleas: Cat flea allergy dermatitis (also called flea bite hypersensitivity) is the most common cat skin problems.  It is more difficult to diagnose in cats than dogs.  There is a wide variety of cat flea allergy symptoms, including the use of their teeth and tongues to scratch the skin. Often, cat owners believe that this is over grooming when in fact a cat is suffering from a flea allergy.  Another sign of cat flea allergy is when a cat licks the belly until a hairless spot forms.  If the feline flea allergy dermatitis is severe, the cat may chew a stripe of fur away from the spine and shoulder down to the rear.

    cat flea
    Cat Skin Problems or Plaques caused by Flea Allergy
    Source: Washington State University

    Miliary dermatitis refers to cat skin problems where scabbing lesions form in areas under the chin and neck.

    cat miliary dermatitis
    Cat Miliary Dermatitis
    Even a few cat fleas can result in skin problems on the back half of the body, or all over the body.  Problems are also often seen above the tail.  It can be difficult to find the fleas since cat fur is thick and fleas tend to hide near the skin.  Even if your cat stays indoors, fleas can be brought into the house on your shoes, or the shoes of your visitors. They can also be spread by other pets.  This is why all cats and pets in a home need to be on flea preventatives such as Frontline Plus® and Advantage®. Avoid off-brand products such as Pet -Armor®. Even though these have the same active ingredient as Frontline, the concentrations could be delivered in a different medium and therefore possibly be less effective (ask your veterinarian for the best product to use for your cat).
    Treatment includes killing all fleas, and then using a flea preventative. During recovery, improve hair condition with a homeopathic (see bottom of page) and Omega Fish Oil Supplements.
  • Mites (mange, scabies)
  • Feline Skin Infection

    • Ringworm: (also called dermatophytosis) Ringworm in cats is less common than cat flea allergy or atopic dermatitis. This fungus occurs in cats with inadequate immune systems, which is a particular problem in kittens whose immune systems haven't had time to develop. Cat ringworm symptoms include hair loss and crusting on the paws and face. Some cats can be carriers of the disease without showing any symptoms, which could explain why one cat in a two cat household has the disorder.  Treatment options include a natural skin treatment such as Naturasil.
    • Cat Skin Fungus

    Symptoms of Feline Skin Disorders

    Symptoms of feline skin problems include:
    • Dry, flaky cat skin
    • Red, irritated looking skin called skin lesions
    •  Loss of hair (called cat alopecia, or the result of atopy see feline skin allergies above)
    • A dry, dull-looking coat
    • Lumps or bumps on or under the skin
    • Red patches on the skin
    • Round raw lesions on the head, hips and chest called cat hot spots
    • Scaly patches or scabs on the skin
    • Your cat may scratch or lick her skin excessively (called pruritis)

    Diagnosis of Cat Skin Problems

    Your vet will examine your cat’s skin carefully as part of a complete examination. In order to properly diagnose any cats skin problems in the following order:
    1. Physical Examination: Some types of cat skin disease such as fleas are immediately identifiable by your vet. such as fleas.
    2. Skin Cytology Tests: The next most likely cause is a cat skin infection caused by bacteria.  Cytology tests are used to examine skin cells in order to confirm this specific diagnosis.
    3. Fungal Culture Test: This test is used to detect fungal infections such as cat ringworm. Results take 2 to 3 weeks, so the test is often given at the first office visit just in case.  A special lamp called a Woods Lamp is also used as an in-office diagnostic test for certain types of cat fungal skin infections.

      If the fungal culture is negative, then most vets will conduct additional tests such as:
    4. Skin biopsy: These tests look for problems such as cat skin cancer.  In this test, a needle is used to remove cells from a lump to be examined by a pathologist. This can determine if a lump is cancerous or if it is just a cyst or wart.
    5. Food Trial: Food allergy is a common cause of allergy in cats.  If this cause is suspected, then the vet will recommend a hypoallergenic diet .
    6. Blood and Serum tests: These tests can be used  to check for infections, certain nutrient deficiencies and allergens (serum tests). Intradermal tests (skin surface tests) can also be used to test for certain allergens that are causing atopic dermatitis (skin inflammation), after other possible causes are eliminated.
    Identifying Cat Skin Problems by Location on the Body
    The location of the cat skin disorder can also indicate the type or problem your cat might have. For example feline skin problems on the ear can indicate mites or food allergy, a facial problem could be mange and near the tail is most likely a problem with fleas.   Hair loss on the back half of the body are often due to food allergy or atopy (hypersensitivity to allergens in the air such as pollen, dust mites or mold spores)
    Certain breeds have a higher incidence of cat skin problems.  For example:
    • Abyssinian cats: earwax and cat ear canal infection (otitis externa), excessive grooming (feline psychogenic alopecia)
    • Persian cats: cat walking dandruff (caused by mites, cheyletieliosis, cheyletiella dermatitis), Ringworm  (dermatophytosis),  superficial dermatitis that occurs in skin folds due to moisture that leads to skin infection, feline seborrhea (skin flaking)
    • Siamese cats: food allergy, hair loss (feline hypotrichosis), white cat hair around eyes (periocular leukotrichia), cat white skin patches (cat vitiligo)
    There are also problems that are unique to kitten skin.

    Treatment of Cat Skin Problems

    The treatment of the diseases and conditions associated with feline skin problems depends on the exact disease or condition.

    Home Cat Skin Treatment and Remedies

    If the cat skin condition is mild, meaning there is mild skin itch or skin flaking, then you can try home treatment.  First, look for an early stage cat flea problem.  Even if you don't see fleas in your home or on your cat, don't immediately eliminate this as a possible cause since fleas are great at hiding.  Also, contrary to popular belief, fleas are one of those cat skin problems that can occur at any time of the year. To check for cat fleas, use a flea comb and comb through your cat's coat, with special focus on the area just above the tail and also be sure to carefully examine the back part of the thighs.

    If you suspect cat fleas, you'll want to kill the fleas that are on your cat using a product such as Adams Plus, followed by the use of a flea preventative.  If this is the cause be sure to also clean your cat's environment  to remove any hiding fleas. Check with your Vet for a specific product recommendation as well.

    Cat Shampoo Therapy for Cat Skin Problems

    Next, if you rule out fleas as the cause of the cat skin problems, you can try bathing your cat in a colloidal oatmeal shampoo such as Avoderm or use over-the-counter sprays or waterless bath foam (if your cat hates baths)  to see if you can bring some relief.  These are not cures, but can help with symptoms. Avoid using medicated shampoos at first, as these can often irritate the skin.  If the natural shampoos don't help, then a medicated cat shampoo is worth a try (see below).  The key to shampoo therapy is contact with the skin, which isn't always easy with a cat that hates the water. 

    Instructions for Applying Cat Shampoo

    The ideal length of time for a shampoo to stay in contact with the skin is 10 minutes. If you cat allows it, massage into the skin, and then rinse the shampoo off your cat for 5 to 10 minutes.

    If the non-medicated approach does not help, try these shampoos depending on the symptoms and suspected cause of the condition. 


    Cat Skin Disease and Symptoms
    Typical Frequency of Shampooing
    Bacterial cat skin Infection, Fungal infection.
    Duoxo with Chlorheidine
    Every 1 to 14 days,
    Mild skin flaking (seborrhea sicca, seborrhea dermatitis), cat dandruff
    Dermapet MalAcetic ShampooAlso look for shampoos with Sulfur and/or Salcylic acid
    2x to 3x per week until improvement is seen, then reduce frequency
    Dry Cat Skin and itchy cat skin
    Avoderm with colloidal oatmeal
    Every 3 to 14 days as needed
    Note: Do not use shampoos that contain benzoyl peroxide or only tar with cats unless advised by your veterinarian

    If you notice the cat skin condition worsening, despite your home treatment,  see a Vet. Always see a Vet if you see hair loss, red skin areas, pus or oozing areas on the skin.   

    Also, if your cat has scratched herself too much, antibiotics may be necessary, as a secondary bacterial infection may have set in. Treatment may involve oral or topical medications.
    Treatment may also involve surgical removal of any lumps or bumps from your cat’s skin. This is usually only done if the growth is cancerous or if it seems to be bothering your pet. If it is benign and is not causing your cat discomfort, it can be left alone.
    There are several over the counter homeopathic products that could help to improve overall skin and coat condition such as  Skin and Coat Tonic. Other over the counter products such as Dermasol contain Vitamin A, which can help to promote the healing of skin.
    References for Cat Skin Problems:
    Dermatologic Examination
    R.S. Mueller
    Department of Clinical Sciences College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences
    Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA
    Carter, G.R., Wise, D.J., and Flores, E.F. (Eds)A Concise Review of Veterinary Virology

    Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine - The challenge of Cat Skin Disorders